Modern tourists aren’t the only ones to marvel at Arcidosso’s splendour. This town has been heralded by famous Italian writers from Giacomo Barzellotti to Cecci Angliolieri for centuries.
Sitting at the feet of Monte Amiata, Arcidosso is humble, but its monuments are striking. Everything in this town appears as if it has been carved out of rock. Nothing appears out of place, from the powerfully imposing castle to the faded pastel-coloured houses and the quaint little Parco del Pero garden. Absolutely everything fits into the mountainside as if it was always there and always meant to be there.
Tourists flock to Arcidosso for this atmosphere and for the honest beauty of its streets. The town was first mentioned in the 9th century when the area was owned by the Abbazia di San Salvatore. Its name is probably derived from the Latin words ‘arx’ and ‘dossum’, which mean ‘fortress to the back of the mountain’.
Much of Arcidosso’s traditions and heritage stem from this original fortress. It has dictated the shape of the houses and buildings in the town for centuries, the colours of the walls and the style of the terracotta roofs. It also faithfully protected the locals until it was stormed by Sienese captain Guidoriccio Fogliano in 1331. Today it’s the historic heart of Arcidosso and open to visitors all year round.
But Arcidosso’s charm isn’t confined within the fortress and its walls. When you leave Arcidosso you step into the Parco Fauntisco del Monte Amiata, a nature park that protects and nurtures the incredible beauty of Monte Amiata’s flora and fauna. The town is also close to the slopes of Amiata Mountain, a skier’s paradise in winter and a hiker/biker’s paradise throughout the rest of the year.